A study normally requires four to six working group meetings and a substantial amount of interim model execution and EMF staff work. The first meeting establishes the problem structure and key parameters of the topic under review. The participants select the set of energy/environmental models to be examined in the analysis.
At the second conference the working group reviews, analyzes, and interprets the first set of model runs and decides whether the outputs are plausible, consistent and complete. The group also provides scenario specifications and parameter inputs for a second and possibly third and fourth cycle of model runs and supporting operations. Following this meeting, the preliminary reports describing the results of the analysis and major insights about the behavior of the models are prepared.
The working group meets for a fourth/fifth time for a final review of the model results, interpretation and analysis of the models, and preparation of the final working group report. At the fifth (and possibly sixth) conference, the final report is reviewed in great depth. When the working group reaches a consensus, it compiles the results of the study into a published report with the aid of the EMF staff.
The final report is published in two parts: about a 100-page summary directed at a broad audience that includes corporations, academia, industry-sponsored research institutes, foreign companies and agencies as well as government agencies, and a much longer series of supporting documents aimed at a smaller, more technically-oriented audience. The emphasis in the writing of the report is to communicate the insights the models can provide to the interested lay reader. The EMF generally issues the final report. If general interest in a topic is strong enough, the EMF will publish the final report through a university press.