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EMF 28: The Effects of Technology Choices on EU Climate Policy

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  • John Weyant 
  • Brigitte Knopf
  • Enrica De Cian
  • Ilkka Keppo
  • Detlef P. van Vuuren


The EMF 28 study provided insights into the debate of the long-term and near-term climate and energy strategies in Europe and addressed questions related to emission reduction targets, their timing, and technology mix to inform decision-makers in the climate policy arena. In that context, it should be noted that the EU strategy beyond 2020 is not yet defined.

The EMF 28 study focused on the European policy context in particular the EU 2020 and 2050 climate targets.  This study is a companion to the global and US model comparison studies and it focused on the effect of technology choices and technology availability on climate policy.  The EMF 28 study highlights the European policy context in particular the EU 2020 and 2050 climate targets. 

Key research questions included:

  • What would the EU energy system transition look like to meet EU emissions reductions goals in 2020 and 2050, as laid out in the EU climate and energy package (20% emissions reductions, 20% renewable energy; 20% PE demand reduction) and the 2050 roadmap of the EC?
  • What is the interplay between the 2020 and 2050 targets? 
  • What are the implications and interactions of the mix of economic and regulatory instruments that are proposed to achieve the emissions targets?
  • How might technological improvements and technological availability influence the answers to both of the above questions? 

 A special issues of EMF 28 Study was published by the  World Scientific Journal, The EMF 28 Study on Scenarios for Transforming the European Energy System


Project Contact: 

John Weyant