Electricity modelers have been developing analysis and estimates to help understand and anticipate problems that may arise in a more decentralized electricity market. Together with key potential model users, they have discussed some of their preliminary findings at working group meetings organized by Stanford University's Energy Modeling Forum over the last 18 months. This report represents some of the more important conclusions concerning several key problems in electricity restructuring.
EMF 15: A Competitive Electricity Industry, Executive Summary (Volume 1) is available below and Volume 2 was published as a Special Issue by the Utilities Policy Journal. It can be downloaded from, Transmission Pricing.