This study was conducted by a working group with participants from utilities, government agencies, universities, and consulting firms. The working group was chaired by a senior utility planner and included model developers and users of model results. The group met four times over nine months to design, implement, and interpret several experiments with the models.
To help utilities deal with the new complexities and uncertainties of forecasting, the Energy Modeling Forum has examined several forecasting issues with ten current models. This report presents observations from that investigation and recommendations for improving the quality and use of forecasting methods.